Generate preliminary square footage calculations as represented in TBNC OPLAT USA Draft Architectural Three-Dimensional Studies.

Calculations to support Land Use and Zoning Criteria, including Aerospace, Civic and Public, Commercial, Educational, Governmental, Industrial, Military, Tourism, Security, Special Functionary Uses and Utility Requirements.






TBNC Edgemon Offshore Inernational Airport San Diego Region California USA Six Terminals Linear Site Placement Edgemon


San Diego Offshore International Airport Platform Terminals Six Unit Sq. Ft. Calculations 2010San Diego Offshore International Airport Platform Six [6] Terminals Sq. Ft. Calculations Draft 2010

San Diego Offshore International Airport Platform Four [4] Terminals Sq. Ft. Calculations Draft 2010






Representational Case Studies Application & Methodology


$ 4,000,000,000.00
[Initial Operational Budget]


In May of 2015, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey selected LaGuardia Gateway Partners as the preferred proposer to undertake redevelopment and operations of LaGuardia Airport’s aging Terminal B.

A key element in Governor Cuomo’s Master Plan to revitalize New York’s transportation infrastructure, this four [$4 b] billion dollar project is one of North America’s most significant public-private partnerships. The result will be a state-of-the-art terminal facility, one that reflects and celebrates LaGuardia’s importance as New York City’s airport, a key hub for domestic air travel and a major source of employment.

With its deep aviation experience and a focused approach on infrastructure development, LaGuardia Gateway Partners will work with the Port Authority to deliver an airport terminal that is truly reflective of the city and its citizens. It includes an extensive capital program to create a new, one million, three hundred thousand [1.3 m] million square foot [sf], thirty-five [35] gate terminal building and its associated infrastructure while the terminal remains fully operational. Further, a commercial program offering best-in-class retail, food and beverage and amenities will enhance the new Terminal B passenger experience.

The existing Terminal B, which was dedicated in 1964, serves most of the airport’s scheduled domestic airlines and over thirteen million [13,000,000] passengers per year.



The four billion [$4 b] dollar renovation of LaGuardia Airport will get underway this summer after the public-private partnership deal for the project was finalized on Wednesday, Crain's reports. The project is a collaboration between the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and LaGuardia Gateway Partners. The latter group comprises of airport operator, Vantage Airport Group, investment company, Meridiam, and construction firm, Skanska.




LaGuardia Gateway will begin work this summer with the demolition of a parking garage in front of the existing terminal building. This will be the location of the new, one million, three hundred thousand [1.3 m] square foot [sf] terminal, which will be created with an innovative bridges-and-islands design to allow for better airline circulation, more flexibility for passengers to reach gates, and reduce delays.


Already, two billion, five hundred million [$2.5 b] dollars have been raised for the construction. Of the total funds, the consortium of developers will provide one billion, eight hundred million [$1.8 b] dollars, and the Port Authority will contribute two billion, two hundred million [$2.2 b] dollars.

LaGuardia Gateway will receive a part of the revenue generated at the new terminal from tenants and airline fees, and in turn will be responsible for overseeing the construction and ensuring that it is completed on time.



LaGuardia International Airport

LaGuardia Airport [IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA] is an International Airport in the northern part of the New York City borough of Queens in the United States. The airport is on the waterfront of Flushing Bay and Bowery Bay in East Elmhurst and borders the neighborhoods of East Elmhurst, Astoria, and Jackson Heights.

LaGuardia Airport covers six hundred eighty [680] acres (280 ha) in total.

The New York City metropolitan area's JFK International, La Guardia, and Newark Liberty International airports combine to create the largest airport system in the United States, second in the world in terms of passenger traffic, and first in the world in terms of total flight operations.

In 2011, the airport handled twenty-four million, one hundred thousand [24.1 m] passengers; In 2015, LaGuardia Airport had a strong growth in passenger traffic; about thirty-one million, four hundred thousand [31.4 m] passengers used the airport, a 14.2 percent increase from the previous year.

JFK handled fifty-eight million, eight hundred thousand [58.8 m] and Newark handled forty million, five hundred thousand [40.5 m] a total of about one hundred twenty-nine million, seven hundred thousand [129.7 m] travelers using New York airports.

In addition, LaGuardia is the busiest airport in the United States without any non-stop service to Europe.

A perimeter rule prohibits nonstop flights to or from points beyond one thousand, five hundred [1,500] statute miles (2,400 km), but exceptions to the perimeter rule are flights on Saturdays and flights to Denver. Most transcontinental flights use JFK or Newark, as do all international flights except those from airports within the perimeter that also have United States Border Preclearance [USBP]; there is no border control facility at the airport.

Glenn H. Curtiss Airport [named after aviation pioneer Glenn Hammond Curtiss], later renamed North Beach Airport, was the earlier airport at this location. The name was changed after New York City's takeover and reconstruction to New York Municipal Airport–LaGuardia Field, and in 1953 became "LaGuardia Airport", named for Fiorello LaGuardia, the Mayor of New York when the airport was built.


LaGuardia has been criticized for some of its outdated facilities. Vice President Joe Biden compared LaGuardia to a "third world country" and the airport has been ranked in numerous customer surveys as the worst in the United States.

Among pilots, it is referred to as "USS LaGuardia", because the runways are short and surrounded by water, thus giving the feel of landing on an aircraft carrier.

On July 27, 2015, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo announced a reconstruction plan that would completely replace the existing airport.




LaGuardia International Airport

The site of the airport was originally used by the Gala Amusement Park, owned by the Steinway Family. It was razed and transformed in 1929 into a one hundred five [105] acre (42 ha) private flying field named Glenn H. Curtiss Airport after the pioneer Long Island aviator, later called North Beach Airport.

The initiative to develop the airport for commercial flights began with an outburst by New York mayor Fiorello LaGuardia [in office from 1934 to 1945] upon the arrival of his TWA flight at Newark Airport – the only commercial airport serving the New York City region at the time – as his ticket said "New York". He demanded to be taken to New York, and ordered the plane to be flown to Brooklyn's Floyd Bennett Field, giving an impromptu press conference to reporters along the way. He urged New Yorkers to support a new airport within their city.

American Airlines accepted LaGuardia's offer to start a trial program of scheduled flights to Floyd Bennett, although the program failed after several months because of Newark's better proximity to Manhattan. LaGuardia went as far as to offer police escorts to airport limousines in an attempt to get American Airlines to continue operating the trial program.

During the Floyd Bennett experiment, LaGuardia and American executives began an alternative plan to build a new airport in Queens, where it could take advantage of the new Queens–Midtown Tunnel to Manhattan. The existing North Beach Airport was an obvious location, but much too small for the sort of airport that was being planned. With backing and assistance from the Works Progress Administration [WPA], construction began in 1937. Building on the site required moving landfill from Rikers Island, then a garbage dump, onto a metal reinforcing framework. The framework below the airport still causes magnetic interference on the compasses of outgoing aircraft: signs on the airfield warn pilots about the problem.

Because of American's pivotal role in the development of the airport, LaGuardia gave the airline extra real estate during the airport's first year of operation, including four hangars, which was an unprecedented amount of space at the time. American opened its first Admirals Club [and the first private airline club in the world] at the airport in 1939. The club took over a large office space that had previously been reserved for the mayor, but he offered it for lease following criticism from the press, and American vice president Red Mosier immediately accepted the offer.

The airport was dedicated on October 15, 1939 as the New York Municipal Airport, and opened for business on December 2 of that year. It cost New York City twenty-three [$23 m] million dollars to turn the tiny North Beach Airport into a five hundred fifty [550] acre (220 ha) modern facility.

Not everyone was as enthusiastic as LaGuardia about the project, some regarded it as a forty [$40 m] million dollar boondoggle. But the public was fascinated by the very idea of air travel, and thousands traveled to the airport, paid the dime fee, and watched the airliners take off and land. Two [2] years later these fees and their associated parking had already provided two hundred eighty-five thousand [$285,000] dollars, and other non-travel related incomes [food, etc.] were another six hundred fifty thousand [$650,000.] dollars year. The airport was soon a financial success. A smaller airport in nearby Jackson Heights, Holmes Airport, was unable to prevent the expansion of the larger airport and closed in 1940.

Newark Airport began renovations, but could not keep up with the new Queens airport, which TIME called "the most pretentious land and seaplane base in the world." Even before the project was completed LaGuardia had won commitments from the five [5] largest airlines [Pan American Airways, American, United, Eastern Air Lines and Transcontinental & Western Air] that they would begin using the new field as soon as it opened.



Pan Am's transatlantic Boeing 314 flying boats moved to LaGuardia from Port Washington in 1940. During World War II the airport was used to train aviation technicians and as a logistics field. Transatlantic landplane airline flights started in late 1945; some continued after Idlewild [now John F. Kennedy International] opened in July 1948, but the last ones shifted to Idlewild in April 1951.


Newspaper accounts alternately referred to the airfield as New York Municipal Airport and LaGuardia Field until the modern name was officially applied when the airport moved to Port of New York Authority control under a lease with New York City on June 1, 1947.

LaGuardia opened with four [4] runways at forty-five [45] degree angles to each other, the longest [13/31] being six thousand [6,000 ft] feet(1,800 m). Runway 18/36 was closed soon after a United DC-4 ran off the south end in 1947; runway 9/27 at four thousand, five hundred [4500 ft] feet was closed around 1958, allowing LaGuardia's terminal to expand northward after 1960.

Circa 1961 runway 13/31 was shifted northeastward to allow construction of a parallel taxiway [such amenities being unknown when LGA was built] and in 1965–66 both remaining runways were extended to their present seven thousand [7,000 ft] feet (2,100 m).

The April 1957 Official Airline Guide shows two hundred eighty three [283] weekday fixed-wing departures from LaGuardia: one hundred twenty-six [126] American, forty-nine [49] Eastern, thirty-three [33] Northeast, thirty-one [31] TWA, twenty-nine [29] Capital and fifteen [15] United. American's flights included twenty-six [26] non-stops to Boston and twenty-seven [27] to Washington National [mostly Convair 240s]. Jet flights {United 727s to Cleveland and Chicago} started on June 1, 1964


Later LGA Development

Although LaGuardia was a large airport for the era in which it was built, it soon became too small. Starting in 1968 General Aviation [GA] aircraft were charged heavy fees to operate from LaGuardia during peak hours, driving many GA operators to airports such as Teterboro Airport in Teterboro, New Jersey.

The increase in traffic at LaGuardia and safety concerns prompted the closure of nearby Flushing Airport in 1984. Also in 1984, to further combat overcrowding at LGA, the Port Authority instituted a Sunday-thru-Friday "perimeter rule" banning nonstop flights from LaGuardia to cities more than one thousand, five hundred [1,500] miles (2,400 km) away; at the time, Denver was the only such city with nonstop flights, and it became the only exception to the rule. [In 1986 Western Airlines hoped to fly 737-300s nonstop to Salt Lake City and unsuccessfully challenged the rule in federal court]. Later, the Port Authority also moved to connect JFK and Newark Airport to regional rail networks with the AirTrain Newark and AirTrain JFK, in an attempt to make these more distant airports competitive with LaGuardia. In addition to these local regulations, the Federal Aviation Administration [FAA] also limited the number of flights and types of aircraft that could operate at LaGuardia.

LaGuardia's traffic continued to grow. By 2000, the airport routinely experienced overcrowding delays, many more than an hour long. That year, Congress passed legislation to revoke the federal traffic limits on LaGuardia by 2007. The reduced demand for air travel following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on New York City quickly slowed LaGuardia's traffic growth, helping to mitigate the airport's delays.

Ongoing Port Authority investments to renovate the Central Terminal Building and improve the airfield layout have also made the airport's operations more efficient in recent years.

FAA approved Instrument Departure Procedure "Whitestone Climb" and the "Expressway Visual Approach to Runway 31" which both overfly Citi Field.

In late 2006, construction began to replace the air traffic control tower built in 1962 with a more modern one. The tower began operations on October 9, 2010.










Delta Air Lines, Inc.["Delta"; NYSE: DAL] is a major American Airline, with its headquarters and largest hub at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia.

The airline along with its subsidiaries and regional affiliates operate over five thousand, four hundred [5,400] flights daily and serve an extensive domestic and international network that includes three hundred thirty-four [334] destinations in sixty-four [64] countries on six [6] continents, as of June 2015.

Delta is one of the four [4] founding members of the SkyTeam Airline Alliance, and operates joint ventures with Air France-KLM, Alitalia, Virgin Atlantic, and Virgin Australia.

Regional service is operated under the brand name Delta Connection.

One of the five remaining Legacy Carriers, Delta is the sixth [6th] oldest operating airline by foundation date, and the oldest airline still operating in the United States.

The company's history can be traced back to Huff Daland Dusters, founded in 1924 in Macon, Georgia as a crop dusting operation. The company moved to Monroe, Louisiana, and was later renamed Delta Air Services, in reference to the nearby Mississippi Delta region, and commenced passenger services on June 17, 1929.

Among predecessors of today's Delta Air Lines, Western Airlines and Northwest Airlines began flying passengers in 1926 and 1927, respectively.

In 2013, Delta Air Lines was the world's largest airline in terms of scheduled passengers carried one hundred twenty million, six hundred thousand [120.6 m passengers, and the second-largest in terms of both revenue passenger-kilometers flown representing two hundred billion, six hundred million [277.6 b] and respective capacity of four billion, four hundred million [4.4 b], per publication ASM/week; March 2013.






By the Numbers
Initial Studies & Project Projections


Four Billion [$4 b] Dollar Project Value, of which two-thirds [2/3rds] will be financed by private funds

One Million, Three Hundred Thousand [1.3 m.sq.ft.] square feet of New Terminal

Fourteen Million Plus [14+ m] Passengers in 2015

Thirty-Five [35] Gates, same as existing terminal capacities

Eight [8] Air Carriers Operating out of the Terminal: Air Canada, American Airlines, Frontier Airlines, JetBlue, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, Spirit and Virgin America

One Billion, Three Hundred Million [$1.3 b] Dollars in Wages and Five Billion, Two Hundred Million [$5.2 b] in Regional Economic Activity

Thirty-Nine [39] Months to opening of significant portions of the terminal, when one hundred [100%] percent of Passengers will check in at the New Head House

Dual Pedestrian Bridges that span Active Taxi Lanes - First in the World

June 1, 2016 : First Day of LGP led Terminal Operations


Gateway Partners Initial Timeline Projections

January 2013: Qualifications Submitted

July 2013: Shortlisting Announced

April & May 2014: Proposals Submitted

May 2015: LaGuardia Gateway Partners Selected as Preferred Bidder

July 2015: New York Governor Andrew Cuomo Unveils Vision for LaGuardia Airport

March 2016: Lease Authorization Approved by Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

June 1, 2016: Lease Commencement and LaGuardia Gateway Partners Assumes Operations of Existing Central Terminal B from Port Authority

June 1, 2016 to 2022: Central Terminal Redevelopment Project Construction Commencement

June 1, 2016 to December 30, 2050: LaGuardia Gateway Partners Operates and Maintains Existing Terminal B and, Upon Completion, the New Central Terminal



LaGuardia Gateway Partners is composed of Vantage Airport Group, Skanska and Meridiam for development and equity investment; Skanska-Walsh as the design build joint venture; HOK and WSP Parsons Brinckerhoff for design; and Vantage Airport Group for management of the operations.

LaGuardia Gateway Partners’ members have worked on more than three hundred [350] aviation and transportation projects globally and domestically, including international airports in New York [John F. Kennedy]. Chicago, Doha, Delhi, Los Angeles, Santiago, and Nassau.

For More Project information

Visit Gateway Partners Off Site Web Presence @



Vantage Airport Group is a leading developer, investor, manager and operator of airports around the globe. For twenty-one [21] years, Vantage has applied to airports worldwide the expertise honed at Vancouver International Airport [YVR]), named Best Airport in North America by over thirteen million [13,000,000] passengers for seven [7] consecutive years.

Visit Vantage Airport Group @ Off Site Web Presence @


Skanska USA, headquartered in New York, is one of the largest, most financially sound construction and development companies in the country.

Visit Skanska USA @ Off Site Web Presence @


Meridiam Infrastructure is a leading investor, developer, manager and long-term partner in North American and European public-private partnerships with dedicated twenty-five [25] year funds and global assets under management of three billion, five hundred million [$3.5 b] dollars enabling it to be a buy-and-hold partner with the public sector from project inception through operations.

Visit Meridiam Infrastructure @ Off Site Web Presence @


WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff is one of the world’s leading engineering and professional services firms, serving the aviation industry for over seventy [70] years, with regional headquarters in New York City.

Visit WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff @ Off Site Web Presence @


Walsh Construction is a one hundred eighteen [118] year old family-owned business and one of the nation’s largest aviation contractors. Walsh has consistently delivered successful projects including major terminal expansions at Raleigh-Durham International Airport, Sacramento International Airport, and Los Angeles International Airport.

Visit Walsh Construction @ Off Site Web Presence @


HOK is a global leader in aviation architecture, having planned and designed over eighteen billion [$18 b] dollars of airport construction in the past ten [10] years, including Indianapolis International Airport, Terminal A at Boston Logan Airport, and the Salt Lake City Airport redevelopment project, currently in progress.

Visit HOK @ Off Site Web Presence @


Media Inquiries

Rebecca Catley · 604.269.3838 Direct Contact

General inquiries:

Mailing address:
LaGuardia Gateway Partners - LaGuardia Airport
Terminal B · Third Floor · Room 3862 · Flushing · New York 11371




Representational Case Study Application & Methodology


Amsterdam and Vienna




San Diego Offshore International Airport Terminal Calculations 2010 04 x 09


San Diego Offshore International Airport Terminal Capacities Studies 2011


San Diego Offshore International Airport Terminal Capacities Studies 2009 - 2011


San Diego Offshore International Airport Platform Terminal Capacities Study USA


San Diego Offshore International Airport Terminal Capacity Studies USA 2011



San Diego Offshore International Airport Platform Terminal Capacities Study 2011




Representational Case Studies Application & Methodology

Airport expansions tend to take many years and many millions of dollars to complete, often causing further delays when the whole point is to meet growing demand. Architecture firm Foster + Partners realized that an easily expandable cellular design would enable the Queen Alia International Airport in Jordan to continue to grow in the future while also being environmentally sound. The concrete modules have a high thermal mass for passive heating and cooling. Each dome of the tessellated roof canopy is a semi-autonomous unit.

Tesseliated Roof Study



"domes branch out from the supporting columns like the leaves of a desert palm"

Queen Alia International Airport continues the practice’s explorations of the airport terminal as a building type and sets out a vision for an environmentally sensitive, regionally apt, airport architecture. Designed to serve as the main gateway to Amman – one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world – its design resonates with a sense of place and local culture. Strategically the building secures Amman’s position as the main hub for the Levant Region. Logistically, it allows the airport to grow by six [6%] per cent per annum for the next twenty-five [25] years, increasing capacity from three [3] million to 12.8 million passengers per annum by 2030.

In response to local building expertise and Amman’s climate, where summer temperatures vary markedly between daytime and night time the building is constructed entirely from concrete, the high thermal mass of the material providing passive environmental control

The tessellated roof canopy comprises a series of shallow concrete domes, which extend to shade the facades. To enable seamless future expansion, each dome is a modular unit. The domes branch out from the supporting columns like the leaves of a desert palm and daylight floods the concourse through split beams at the column junctions. Echoing the veins of a leaf, a geometric pattern based on traditional Islamic forms is applied to each exposed soffit.

The terminal is glazed on all sides to open up long views to the aircraft on the apron and aid orientation. Two [2] piers of departure gates run along either side of the central building, which contains the main processing areas and shops, lounges and restaurants.

300 West 57th Street · 26th Floor · New York · New York 10019

212 641 9600 Office Contact · 212 641 9627 Facsimile
James Barnes - Partner · Peter Han - Partner


Return to Offshore International Airport Platform HOME Page



an interdisciplinary planning & design collaboration

7040 AVENIDA ENCINAS   ·   SUITE 104.299
CARLSBAD   ·   CALIFORNIA 92011.4652

760.729.9231  CORPORATE     ·    760.434.5869   FACSIMILE



© 2008-2021 COPYRIGHT

All components and elements depicted within this publication, including the design, configuration, narrative and discussions,
and the presentation in abstract, unless otherwise stated, is the sole property of TBNC.

Copyright and other Intellectual Property Laws protect this material.

Reproduction or transmission of this material, in whole or in part, in any manner, without the prior written consent
of the copyright holder, is a violation of copyright law.