PUBLIC INFORMATION SERIES

 

REPRESENTATIONAL PLANNING, ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL & TECHNOLOGY EXHIBITS
PRESENTATION 2017


FACILITIES SPATIAL PLANNING
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

 


STUDY CREDIT

Spatial planning refers to the methods used by private industry and some of the public sector to influence the distribution of people and activities in spaces of various scales. Discrete professional disciplines which involve spatial planning include land use planning, urban planning, regional planning, transport planning and environmental planning. Other related areas are also important, including economic planning and community planning. Spatial planning takes place on local, regional, national and international levels and often result in the creation of a spatial plan.

 

There are numerous definitions of spatial planning. One of the earliest definitions comes from the European Regional / Spatial Planning Charter [often called the 'Torremolinos Charter'], adopted in 1983 by the European Conference of Ministers responsible for Regional Planning [CEMAT]: "Regional/spatial planning gives geographical expression to the economic, social, cultural and ecological policies of society. It is at the same time a scientific discipline, an administrative technique and a policy developed as an interdisciplinary and comprehensive approach directed towards a balanced regional development and the physical organisation of space according to an overall strategy."

Numerous planning systems exist around the world. Especially in Northwestern Europe spatial planning has evolved greatly since the late 1950s.

 

 

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San Diego Offshore International Airport Platform Spatial Planning S.1 Level Draft

 

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OPLAT San Diego Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program Deck S.4 Spatial Planning Study

 

 


 

PROOF OF CONCEPT
BUILT STRUCTURE OCULUS

Prototypical Multi-Tiered Natural Lighting Delivery & Conditioned Air Circulation Structures

ARCHITECTURAL VERNACULAR : GIGANTIC SOLAR TUBE


IMAGE CREDIT

Paul Piazza Architect

58 Valley Road · Katonah · New York 10536.1721· United States of America
914.232.5855 Corporate Contact · 914.767.0817 Corporate Facsimile

Visit Paul Piazza Architect's Web Presence Off-Site @ paulpiazzaarchitect.com

 

 

FULTON CENTER

A Transit Center and Retail Complex
Centered at the Intersection of Fulton Street and Broadway in Lower Manhattan, New York Cit, New York

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The Fulton Complex is part of a one billion, four hundred million [$ 1.4 b] dollar project by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority [MTA], a Public Agency of the State of New York, to rehabilitate the Fulton Street New York City Subway Station, and construct new underground passageways and access points into the complex.

The complex officially opened on November 10, 2014 along with the Dey Street Passageway.

The project is intended to improve access to and connections among the New York City Subway services stopping at the Fulton Street Station and, through the Dey Street Passageway and the upcoming World Trade Center Transportation Hub, provide connections to the Chambers Street – World Trade Center / Park Place, Cortlandt Street, and Cortlandt Street Stations, as well as the PATH World Trade Center Station. 

Funding for the construction project, which began in 2005, dried up for several years, with no final approved plan and no schedule for completion. 

Plans for the transit center, however, were rejuvenated by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Ove Arup and Partners served as the prime consultant of the entire project.

Appointed by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority [MTA] as lead architect in collaboration with prime design consultant Arup, Grimshaw has designed a dynamic transport environment that streamlines connectivity and enhances the user experience for three hundred thousand [300,000] daily passengers.

The central architectural concept of redirecting natural light deep into the transit environment culminates in the design of the dome’s interior and a new integrated artwork, Sky Reflector-Net [2013], developed in collaboration with Arup, Grimshaw and James Carpenter Design Associates.

The artwork inspired the attention of the public who stopped to take photos and look up at the sky, whilst one hundred twenty [120'] feet below ground.

 

REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY EXHIBIT
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IMAGE CREDIT

Visit Artisan Quintano @ Web Presence Off Site @ anthonyquintano.com

 


STUDY CREDIT

An oculus [plural oculi, from Latin oculus, 'eye'] is a circular opening in the centre of a dome or in a wall. Originating in antiquity, it is a feature of Byzantine and Neoclassical Architecture.

It is also known as an œil de boeuf from the French, or simply a "bull's-eye".

 

Oculus in Byzantine Architecture

The oculus was widely used in the architecture of the Byzantine Empire.

It was applied to buildings in Syria in the fifth [5th] and sixth [6th] centuries and again in the tenth [10th] century.

In Constantinople's Myrelaion Church [c. 920], there are two oculi above the stringcourse on both lateral facades.

 

Oculus in Neoclassical Revival Architecture

Early examples of the Oculus in Renaissance Architecture can be seen in Florence Cathedral, in the Nave Clerestorey and topping the crowns of the arcade arches.

Since the revival of dome construction beginning in the Italian Renaissance, open oculi have been replaced by light-transmitting cupolas and other round windows, openings, and skylights.

They can be seen in the pediments of Palladio's Villa Rotonda, though not in the dome.

Use of oculus windows became more popular in Baroque Architecture. Widely used by Neo-Palladian architects including Colen Campbell, one can be seen in the dome of Thomas Jefferson's Rotunda at the University of Virginia.

 

Oculus in Contemporary Architecture


IMAGE CREDIT

www.maloyalaser.com

MALOYA PROJECT DETAIL

Included in the new design for the Fulton Street MTA Train Station in Manhattan an Oculus with an elliptical roof was specified. 

Maloya was given the task of creating the 3D modeling necessary to address the complexity of the roof cladding and gutter systems as well as the exact connection details required. 

As each of the roof systems components were dissimilar, 3D modeling was a definite necessity before Maloya could begin fabrication.  Maloya also created a detailed parts marking and skid numbering system to aid in the installation process.

 

MALOYA METAL FABRICATION
Brief Company History

Maloya has been a  premier fabricator of custom metal products for over fifty [50] years.  Founded in 1965 by Paul Hug, Maloya’s business concept has always been to provide the highest quality products at  fair prices and on time. Today, Maloya utilizes the latest 3D Modeling technology combined with their expertise in the Design/Build concept to meet the most demanding requirements from many diverse markets.   Maloya’s continual improvement policies insure that we will continue to provide our clients with the unexcelled quality products and services they expect and deserve.

 

800.783.8214
65A Mall Drive · Commack · New York 11725

Visit Maloya Web Presence Off Site @ www.maloyalaser.com

 

 


IMAGE CREDIT

Visit WNYC Web Presence Off-Site @ www.wnyc.org

TECNOLOGY + ARCHITECURE + ENGINEERING + DEMOGRAPHIC MEDIA RESOURCH

WNYC is one of the oldest radio stations in New York.

Funds for the establishment of the station were approved on June 2, 1922 by the New York City Board of Estimate and Apportionment. WNYC made its first official broadcast two [2] years later on July 8, 1924, at 570 AM with a second-hand transmitter shipped from Brazil.

With the commencement of WNYC's operations, the City of New York became one of the first American municipalities to be directly involved in broadcasting.

In 1928 WNYC was forced into a time-sharing arrangement on 570 AM with WMCA, another pioneering New York radio outlet. This situation lasted until 1931, when the Federal Radio Commission [a forerunner to today's FCC] moved WNYC to 810 AM. The frequency move did not help WNYC from an operational standpoint as it now had to share its frequency with the more-powerful WCCO in Minneapolis, limiting WNYC to daytime-only operations, broadcasting from sunrise to sunset. AM radio waves travel farther at night and WNYC had to protect WCCO from interference.

 

 

REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY EXHIBIT
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SECTIONAL FUNCTIONALITY STUDY EXHIBIT


IMAGE CREDIT

"It's been a long time coming," said Mahadev Raman, the Director of the engineering firm Arup Limited, at a panel discussion last week hosted by the New York Transit Museum previewing the new Fulton Center subway station.

The station is finally set to open this Monday, November 10th, at 5 a.m., after years of setbacks from issues related to funding, Hurricane Sandy, and systems testing, according to the panel members. When asked for some more explanation of the delays, the panel looked at one another, shook their heads, and seemed to agree upon an unspoken response of "we don't have all day."

The new station was conceived back in 2002 in response to the devastation faced by the Financial District on September 11, but the need for station to be improved has existed for decades. "Many New Yorkers remember the 'spaghetti mess,'" said Vincent Chang, an architect for Grimshaw who worked with Arup to execute the design and the subterranean infrastructure that connects passengers to the ten [10] subway lines running through the center.

"Our goal was to address what it's like to be on the subway, in an anonymous and alienating space."

The new station will contain sixty-five thousand [65,000 sq. ft.] square feet of retail and will be visited by over three hundred [300,000] people a day representing eighty-five [85%] percent of all downtown "subway-goers".

The centerpiece of the station is the one hundred [120'] foot-high "oculus," designed by Grimshaw, with a "sky reflector net" by James Carpenter, which opens the ceiling to the sky.

"We wanted to create something that is not just functional but also identifiable and attractive." While the oculus, roughly the same size as the Guggenheim spiral, will certainly be "identifiable" and "attractive," it might not seem obvious how a hole in the ceiling could ever be labeled a functional architectural element, but the panel members argued otherwise.

The opening of the oculus, covered by glass, brings in light, thereby reducing the need for electric lighting. It will also act a reservoir for the heat that rises from the subway line spaghetti, reducing the demand for air conditioning. If there were ever a fire in the center, the smoke would rise up in the oculus allowing for relatively safe passage beneath.

The sky reflectors, the most traditionally artistic element of the design, are "differently oriented" to the sun, "scattering and recasting' light down through the aluminum paneled netting of the oculus, according to Carpenter. "The reflectors could actually act as a time telling device," said Carpenter.

With the artistic element of the new center representing one [1] to two [2] percent of the overall construction budget of one billion, four hundred million [$1.4b] dollars, US.

Carpenter may have also designed the most expensive and least practical clock ever.

Behind the netting of the oculus are three [3] circular levels of retail space, which Chang referred to as "doughnuts of accommodation."

The retail operations on these levels are intended to appeal to a broader range of people than just transit users, meant to make the center a destination in its own right. "Grand Central station is the obvious reference point," said Chang, "but I wouldn't want to purport a direct comparison."

 

TECNOLOGY + ARCHITECURE + ENGINEERING + DEMOGRAPHIC MEDIA RESOURCE

As of 2016 there are area-specific editions for Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, the Hamptons, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York City, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Seattle, Washington, D.C., and North American ski towns. There's also a National site, founded in 2010, that has been described as "Architectural Digest after a three-martini lunch.” The site hosts an annual contest, the Curbed Cup, to pick the best neighborhood in each city.


Curbed is an American Real-Estate Blog & Network founded by Lockhart Steele.

Visit CURBED Web Presence Off Site @ www.curbed.com


 

 

REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY EXHIBIT
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IMAGE CREDIT

Visit ARTSBLOG Web Presence Off-Site @ blog.americansforthearts.org

ARTSBLOG CONTACT INFORMATION

Washington, DC Office

New York City Office

1000 Vermont Ave. NW · 6th Floor
Washington · DC 20005

One East 53rd Street · 2nd Floor
New York · NY 10022

202.371.2830 Contact · 202.371.0424 Facsimile

212.223.2787 Contact · 212.980.4857 Facsimile

 


 

REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY EXHIBIT
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SECTIONAL STUDY EXHIBIT

FULTON CENTER

James Carpenter Design Associates
Grimshaw Architects, ARUP

Sky Reflector-Net, 2014

BRIEF STRUCTURAL & ENGINEERING ELEMENTS

Perforated optical-aluminum panels; stainless steel cables and fittings.

Sky Reflector-Net is an integrated artwork by James Carpenter Design Associates, Grimshaw Architects and ARUP, designed specifically for the Fulton Center. The monumental sculpture embraces light and air, creating a distinctive focal point within Lower Manhattan’s urban fabric.

Suspended within the atrium's conical form, Sky Reflector-Net is composed of one hundred twelve [112] tensioned cables, two hundred twenty-four [224] high-strength rods and nearly ten thousand [10,000] stainless steel components.

Attached to the soaring cable-net are nine hundred fifty-two [952] perforated optical aluminum panels that distribute year-round daylight and bring the sky down into the lower levels of the Center.

 


CONTACT
44 + 207.936.6400

John Carpenter House · 7 Carmelite Street
Blackfriars London EC4Y0BS UK

 

 

 

 

FULTON CENTER

New York · New York

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Situated in the heart of Lower Manhattan, the Fulton Center is a dynamic transport environment streamlining connections between eleven subway lines for up to three hundred thousand [300,000] daily passengers.

Organized around a large-scale atrium contained within an elegant, transparent facade, the center draws inspiration from the neighborhood’s cast iron buildings and incorporates the restored 1888 Corbin Building.

Carefully aligned entrances allow the streetscape to permeate the building, offering clear and efficient pathways to the train platforms below. Once underground, passengers encounter brighter, widened passageways, new elevators and clear signage.

The atrium ascends to 110 feet, topped by a conical dome centered on the concourse below. A canted glass oculus intersects the dome, flooding the atrium with natural light whose effect is magnified by an integrated artwork, Sky Reflector-Net.

The Fulton Center fulfills a significant civic role, offering a memorable urban experience that nods to history while supporting the region’s growth.

 

FULTON CENTER PROFILE

Grimshaw was founded by Sir Nicholas Grimshaw in 1980. The practice became a Partnership in 2007 and operates worldwide with offices in New York, London, Melbourne, Sydney and Doha employing over four hundred [400] staff.

Grimshaw’s international portfolio covers all major sectors, and has been honoured with over one hundred seventy [170] international design awards including the prestigious Lubetkin Prize.

The practice is dedicated to the deepest level of involvement in the design of their buildings in order to deliver projects which meet the highest possible standards of excellence. The company’s work is characterised by strong conceptual legibility, innovation and a rigorous approach to detailing, all underpinned by the principles of humane, enduring and sustainable design.

 

Grimshaw Professional Approach Statement

Our work responds to the needs and resources of the contemporary world. The buildings we produce come from a detailed understanding of the functions they must fulfil, the conditions they have to provide and the materials from which they are constructed. This understanding is directly translated into form and detail.

Our ultimate goal is to design buildings and environments that work, inspire people and transform communities. Through careful evaluation of relevant opportunities, inspired ideas will drive a good design to something that is extraordinary, challenging, and completely unique.

Everything we produce from buildings and masterplans to industrial design is characterised by its legibility. Our designs are innovative; they often surprise but are always precisely tuned to the requirements of the client.

With each project we learn more about creating forms and places, serving processes and people, and minimising energy use in providing comfortable and healthy environments. We are constantly developing new components, exploring new ways of using materials, and developing innovative environmental responses. Our objective is to search for optimal solutions to create a built environment that uses the planet’s resources carefully. The results are functional, economic and elegant.

 

Grimshaw Professional Organisation Statement

The Chairman's Office

Sir Nicholas Grimshaw is the Chairman and founder of Grimshaw Architects. Andrew Whalley, who joined Grimshaw in 1986, is the Deputy Chairman. The Chairman’s Office is responsible for overseeing the practice’s core values, philosophy and brand identity working to build relationships and strengthen Grimshaw’s profile around the world. Andrew represents the Chairman’s Office on all international projects.

 

The Grimshaw Partners

Grimshaw’s Partners are responsible for managing the strategic development of the practice and are representatives for each office worldwide. Mark Middleton is Managing Partner for our London office, and Mark Husser is Managing Partner for New York. Keith Brewis is Managing Partner for International Operations.

 

 

GRIMSHAW CORPORATE CONTACT

Visit GRIMSHAW ARCHITECTS Web Presence Off Site @ grimshaw-architects.com

New York

London

637 West 27th Street · New York · New York 10001
United States of America

57 Clerkenwell Road · London EC1M 5NG
United Kingdom

646.293.3600

44 (0) 207.291.4141

 

 

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ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING

Environmental Planning concerns itself with the decision making processes where they are required for managing relationships that exist within and between natural systems and human systems. Environmental Planning endeavors to manage these processes in an effective, orderly, transparent and equitable manner for the benefit of all constituents within such systems for the present and for the future. Present day Environmental Planning Practices are the result of continuous refinement and expansion of the scope of such decision making processes.

Some of the main elements of present day environmental planning are:

Social & Economic Development / Urban Development & Redevelopment / Regional Development / Natural Resource Management & Integrated Land Use / Infrastructure and Intermodal Interconnectivity Systems / Governance Framework

The environmental planning assessments encompass areas such as land use, socioeconomics, transportation, economic and housing characteristics, air quality and air pollution, noise pollution, the wetlands, habitat of the endangered species, flood zones susceptibility, coastal zones erosion, and visual studies among others, and is referred to as an Integrated Environmental Planning Assessment [IEPA].

In the United States, for any project, environmental planners deal with a full range of environmental regulations from federal to state and city levels, administered federally by the Environmental Protection Agency [EPA].

A rigorous environmental process has to be undertaken to examine the impacts and possible mitigation of any construction project. Depending on the scale and impact of the project, an extensive environmental review is known as an Environmental Impact Statement [EIS], and the less extensive version is Environmental Assessment [EA]. Procedures follow guidelines from National Environmental Policy Act [NEPA], State Environmental Quality Review Act [SEQRA] and/or City Environmental Quality Review [CEQR], and other related federal or state agencies published regulations.

The Association of Environmental Professionals (AEP) is a non-profit organization of interdisciplinary professionals including environmental science, resource management, environmental planning and other professions contributing to this field. AEP is the first organization of its kind in the USA, and its influence and model have spawned numerous other regional organizations throughout the United States. Its mission is to improve the technical skills of members, and the organization is dedicated to "the enhancement, maintenance and protection of the natural and human environment". From inception in the mid 1970s the organization has been closely linked with the maintenance of the California Environmental Quality Act [CEQA], due to California being one of the first states to adopt a comprehensive legal framework to govern the environmental review of public policy and project review.

 

URBAN DESIGN

Urban design concerns the arrangement, appearance and functionality of towns and cities, and in particular the shaping and uses of urban public space. It has traditionally been regarded as a disciplinary subset of urban planning, landscape architecture, or architecture and in more recent times has been linked to emergent disciplines such as landscape urbanism.

However, with its increasing prominence in the activities of these disciplines, it is better conceptualized as a design practice that operates at the intersection of all three, and requires a good understanding of a range of others besides, such as real estate development, urban economics, political economy and social theory.

Urban design theory deals primarily with the design and management of public space [i.e. the 'public environment', 'public realm' or 'public domain'], and the way public places are experienced and used.

Public space includes the totality of spaces used freely on a day-to-day basis by the general public, such as streets, plazas, parks and public infrastructure. Some aspects of privately owned spaces, such as building facades or domestic gardens, also contribute to public space and are therefore also considered by Urban design theory.

While the two fields are closely related, 'urban design' differs from 'urban planning' in its focus on physical improvement of the public environment, whereas the latter tends, in practice, to focus on the management of private development through established planning methods and programs, and other statutory development controls.

 

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